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Neurobiol Aging. 2001 May-Jun;22(3):367-76.

Distinguishable effects of presenilin-1 and APP717 mutations on amyloid plaque deposition.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan


Both APP and PS-1 are causal genes for early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their mutation effects on cerebral Abeta deposition in the senile plaques were examined in human brains of 29 familial AD (23 PS-1, 6 APP) cases and 14 sporadic AD cases in terms of Abeta40 and Abeta42. Abeta isoform data were evaluated using repeated measures analysis of variance which adjusted for within-subject measurement variation and confounding effects of individual APP and PS-1 mutations, age at onset, duration of illness and APOE genotype. We observed that mutations in both APP and PS-1 were associated with a significant increase of Abeta42 in plaques as been documented previously. In comparison to sporadic AD cases, both APP717 and PS-1 mutation cases had an increased density (measured as the number of plaques/mm(2)) and area (%) of Abeta42 plaques. However, we found an unexpected differential effect of PS-1 but not APP717 mutation cases. At least some of PS-1 but not APP717 mutation cases had the significant increase of density and area of Abeta40-plaques as compared to sporadic AD independently of APOE genotype. Our results suggest that PS-1 mutations affect cerebral accumulation of Abeta burden in a different fashion from APP717 mutations in their familial AD brains.

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