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Brain Dev. 2001 Jul;23(4):246-50.

Acquired epileptiform opercular syndrome: a case report and results of single photon emission computed tomography and computer-assisted electroencephalographic analysis.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Woman's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, 162, Tokyo, Japan.


We report here a girl aged 5 years 3 months with cryptogenic localization-related epilepsy who showed a prolonged episode characterized by dysarthria, dysphagia, drooling and paresis of the right arm associated with almost continuous diffuse sharp-slow wave complexes during sleep. These symptoms were not directly related to seizures or to each sharp-slow wave complex revealed by examination during the video electroencephalographic (EEG) recording. The interictal single photon emission compute tomography showed a localized high perfusion area in the left posterior frontal region. The introduction of clonazepam completely controlled the clinical symptoms as well as the EEG abnormality within 2 weeks. After 4 months of remission, a similar episode recurred which was associated with aggravation of EEG. The clinical and EEG characteristics of this patient were identical to those of acquired epileptiform opercular syndrome (AEOS), a newly proposed epileptic syndrome, in which a transient operculum syndrome develops in association with continuous spike-and-wave activity during slow sleep (CSWS). Computer-assisted EEG analysis demonstrated that the epileptic EEG focus was located in the left sylvian fissure, and produced secondary bilateral synchronous sharp-slow complexes. The present study further supports the hypothesis that the electrical interference by CSWS creates bilateral opercular dysfunction through the mechanism of secondary bilateral synchrony, thus producing AEOS.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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