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Gene. 2001 May 16;269(1-2):45-51.

Genomic and spectral analyses of long to middle wavelength-sensitive visual pigments of common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).

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  • 1Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-0033, Tokyo, Japan. kawamura@k.u-tokyo.ac.jp


The genetic basis of red-green color vision of common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is not fully understood. Here, we have cloned and characterized the three alleles at a locus that encode the long to middle wavelength-sensitive (LWS/MWS) visual pigments of this species. Using in situ hybridization, we localized this locus to the telomeric region of the long arm of X chromosome. The three visual pigments achieve the wavelengths of maximal absorption at 561, 553, and 539 nm and fully explain the red-green color vision of the common marmoset. The 'tri-allelic single-locus X-chromosome' model operates under the unique phenomenon, known as blood chimerism.

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