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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2001 May 20;90(1):26-38.

Alterations in the expression of the AQP family in cultured rat astrocytes during hypoxia and reoxygenation.

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  • 1Department of Bioregulation Research, Nagoya City University Medical School, Mizuho-ku, 467-8601, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water-selective transporting proteins with homology to the major intrinsic protein (MIP) of lens [Cell 39 (1984) 49], that increase plasma membrane water permeability in secretory and absorptive cells. In the central nervous system (CNS), we detected the transcripts of AQP3, 5 and 8 in addition to the previously reported transcripts of AQP4 and 9 in astrocytes, of AQP3, 5 and 8 in neurons, of AQP8 in oligodendrocytes, and none of them in microglia using RNase protection assay and the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Hypoxia evoked a marked decrease in the expression levels of AQP4, 5 and 9, but not of AQP3 and 8 mRNAs, and in astrocytes in vitro subsequent reoxygenation elicited the restoration of the expression of AQP4 and 9 to their basal levels. Interestingly, AQP5 showed a transient up-regulation (about 3-fold) and subsequent down-regulation of its expression within 20 h of reoxygenation after hypoxia. The changes in the profiles of AQP expression during hypoxia and reoxygenation were also observed by Western blot analysis. These results suggest that AQP5 may be one of the candidates for inducing the intracranial edema in the CNS after ischemia injury.

PMID:
11376853
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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