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Thromb Haemost. 2001 May;85(5):852-60.

SR123781A, a synthetic heparin mimetic.

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  • 1Cardiovascular/Thrombosis Research Department, Sanofi-SynthĂ©labo, Toulouse, France. jean-marc.herbert@sanofi-synthelabo.com

Abstract

SR123781A, a synthetic hexadecasaccharide comprising an antithrombin (AT) binding domain, a thrombin binding domain, and a neutral methylated hexasaccharide sequence, was obtained from glucose through a convergent synthesis. SR123781A showed high affinity for human AT (Kd = 58 +/- 22 nM) and was a potent catalyst of its inhibitory effect with regard to factor Xa (IC50) = 77 +/- 5 ng/ml - 297 +/- 13 U/mg) and thrombin (IC50 = 4.0 +/- 0.5 ng/ml - 150 +/- 30 U/mg). SR123781A which acted exclusively via AT (no effect via heparin cofactor II at a concentration of 6 microg/ml) inhibited thrombin generation occurring via both the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways in vitro in human plasma. SR123781A did not compete for 3H-heparin binding to PF4 and did not activate platelets in the presence of plasma from patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. After intravenous or subcutaneous administration to rats, rabbits or baboons, SR123781A displayed prolonged anti-factor Xa and anti-factor IIa activity ex vivo. After intravenous injection to baboons, decreases of the anti-factor Xa and anti-thrombin activities were parallel and disappeared with the same pharmacodynamics. Intravenous administrations of SR123781A strongly inhibited thrombus formation in an experimental model of thromboplastin-induced venous thrombosis in rats with an ED50 value of 18 +/- 0.1 microg/kg (vs 77 +/- 3 microg/kg for heparin). SR123781A inhibited arterial thrombus formation induced on a silk thread in an arterio-venous shunt and in the vena cava (ED50 values of 225 +/- 10 and 27 +/- 8 microg/kg, respectively). Compared to standard and low molecular weight heparin and to presently used drugs, SR123781A exhibited a highly favourable antithrombotic/bleeding ratio therefore showing that it might be considered as a promising compound in the treatment and prevention of various thrombotic diseases.

PMID:
11372679
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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