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Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Apr;30(2):334-40.

Diet and socioeconomic position: does the use of different indicators matter?

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  • 1Division of Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland. bruna.galobardes@hcuge.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the association of diet and socioeconomic position and to assess whether two different indicators, education and occupation, independently contribute in determining diet.

METHODS:

A community-based random sample of men and women residents of Geneva canton, aged 35 to 74, participated in a survey of cardiovascular risk factors conducted annually since 1993. Lifetime occupational and educational history and a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire were obtained from 2929 men and 2767 women.

RESULTS:

Subjects from lower education and/or occupation consumed less fish and vegetables but more fried foods, pasta and potatoes, table sugar and beer. Iron, calcium, vitamin A and vitamin D intake were lower in the lower educational and occupational groups. Both indicators significantly contributed to determining a less healthy dietary pattern for those from low social class. The effects of education and occupation on dietary habits were usually additive and synergistic for some food groups.

CONCLUSION:

Assessing both education and occupation, improves the description of social class inequalities in dietary habits, as they act, most of the time, as independent factors.

PMID:
11369739
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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