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J Psychosom Res. 2001 Apr;50(4):179-83.

Specific psychiatric morbidity among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a Nigerian general hospital.

Author information

  • 1Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. henry@fsm.ac.fj

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The goal of this study was to explore specific psychiatric morbidity among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Nigeria.

METHOD:

The mental status of 30 COPD patients was compared with those of 30 uncomplicated hypertensive patients and 30 apparently healthy controls using the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) and Present State Examination (PSE). The sociodemographic characteristics of the three groups were also compared.

RESULTS:

The COPD population was significantly least educated and predominantly subsistent farmers. Thirty percent of the COPD population, 13.3% of the hypertensive patients and 3.3% of apparently healthy controls had psychiatric morbidity (P<.05). The COPD population, with psychiatric diagnoses consisted of 16.7% depressive episode, 10% generalized anxiety disorder and 3.3% delirium. This pattern is similar to data from industrialized countries. No sociodemographic factors were significantly associated with psychiatric morbidity.

CONCLUSION:

Improving the psychiatric knowledge of the primary physician will result in better management of the COPD patient.

PMID:
11369022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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