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Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2001 Jan;226(1):13-26.

Insulin resistance: cellular and clinical concepts.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington 05405, USA. wcefalu@zoo.uvm.edu

Abstract

Insulin resistance is defined as a clinical state in which a normal or elevated insulin level produces an attenuated biologic response. Specifically, the biologic response most studied is insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, yet the precise cellular mechanism responsible is not yet known. However, the presence of insulin resistance is observed many years before the onset of clinical hyperglycemia and the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance at this stage appears to be significantly associated with a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors predisposing the individual to accelerated cardiovascular disease. An overview of insulin resistance and the associated clinical insulin resistant state will be discussed.

PMID:
11368233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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