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Med Hypotheses. 2001 Mar;56(3):367-71.

Does 'imprinting' with low prenatal vitamin D contribute to the risk of various adult disorders?

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  • 1Queensland Centre for Schizophrenia Research, Wolston Park Hospital, Wacol, Queensland, Australia. jjm@brain.wph.uq.edu.au

Abstract

Hypovitaminosis D is a candidate risk-modifying factor for a diverse range of disorders apart from rickets and osteoporosis. Based on epidemiology, and on in vitro and animal experiment, vitamin D has been linked to multiple sclerosis, certain cancers (prostate, breast and colorectal), insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and schizophrenia. I hypothesise that low pre- and perinatal vitamin D levels imprint on the functional characteristics of various tissues throughout the body, leaving the affected individual at increased risk of developing a range of adult-onset disorders. The hypothesis draws from recent advances in our understanding of the early origin of adult disease and proposes a 'critical window' during which vitamin D levels may have a persisting impact on adult health outcomes. Methods to test the hypothesis are outlined. If correct, the hypothesis has important implications for public health. Careful attention to maternal vitamin D status could translate into diverse improvements in health outcomes for the following generation.

Copyright 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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