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Mod Pathol. 2001 May;14(5):415-22.

Expression of the ets-1 proto-oncogene in human colorectal carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Pathology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, Japan. toshi-n@net.nagasaki-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The proto-oncogene, ets-1, is a transcription factor known to control the expression of a number of genes involved in extracellular matrix remodeling and has been postulated to play a role in cell migration and tumor invasion. To elucidate the involvement of ets-1 in human colorectal carcinomas, we examined 41 cases of colorectal adenoma and 122 cases of colorectal carcinoma by immunohistochemistry and compared the degree of Ets-1 expression with the depth of carcinoma invasion. In adenomas, 12 of 41 cases (29.3%) showed immuno-positivity for Ets-1. 12 of 27 cases (44.4%) of adenoma with high grade dysplasia showed immunopositivity for Ets-1. However, there was no positive case in low or moderate dysplasia of adenoma. In contrast, 103 of 122 cases (84.4%) of colorectal adenocarcinoma showed immunoreactivity for Ets-1 in the carcinoma cells themselves. We investigated the relationship between pathological features in colorectal carcinoma and Ets-1 immunoreactivity of the tumor cells. Among the 122 cases of invasive carcinomas, Ets-1 immunoreactivity was significantly correlated with the depth grading of tumor invasion (P < .0001), the presence of lymph node metastasis (P < .05), lymphatic invasion (P < .01) and venous invasion (P < .05). However, Ets-1 expression did not correlate with histological differentiation. In situ hybridization also confirmed the presence of ets-1 mRNA in colorectal carcinomas. Expression of ets-1 mRNA was also detected in two of three human colorectal carcinoma tissues and in four of six different kinds of carcinoma cell lines by the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method. These findings suggest that the expression of Ets-1 is one of the important factors related to carcinogenesis and/or tumor invasion of colorectal carcinoma.

PMID:
11353051
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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