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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jul 6;276(27):25043-8. Epub 2001 May 11.

Apolipoprotein E receptor binding versus heparan sulfate proteoglycan binding in its regulation of smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0529, USA.

Abstract

This study showed that synthetic peptides containing either a single copy or tandem repeat of the receptor binding domain sequence of apolipoprotein (apo) E, or a peptide containing its C-terminal heparin binding domain, apoE-(211-243), were all effective inhibitors of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated smooth muscle cell proliferation. In contrast, only the peptide containing a tandem repeating unit of the receptor binding domain sequence of apoE, apoE-(141-155)(2), was capable of inhibiting PDGF-directed smooth muscle cell migration. Peptide containing only a single unit of this sequence, apoE-(141-155), or the apoE-(211-243) peptide were ineffective in inhibiting PDGF-directed smooth muscle cell migration. Additional experiments showed that reductively methylated apoE, which is incapable of receptor binding yet retains its heparin binding capability, was equally effective as apoE in inhibiting PDGF-stimulated smooth muscle cell proliferation. However, reductively methylated apoE was unable to inhibit smooth muscle cell migration toward PDGF. Additionally, the receptor binding domain-specific apoE antibody 1D7 also mitigated the anti-migratory properties of apoE on smooth muscle cells. Finally, pretreatment of cells with heparinase failed to abolish apoE inhibition of smooth muscle cell migration. Taken together, these data documented that apoE inhibition of PDGF-stimulated smooth muscle cell proliferation is mediated by its binding to heparan sulfate proteoglycans, while its inhibition of cell migration is mediated through apoE binding to cell surface receptors.

PMID:
11350966
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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