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Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2001 May;18(5):314-21.

Factors determining length of stay of surgical day-case patients.

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  • 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Factors which lead to prolonged stay in the day-care unit and unplanned admission after day-case surgery are poorly understood.

METHODS:

Data sets of 3152 day-case patients were collected with a computerized online record keeping system (NarkoData). Predictors of prolonged postoperative stay including unanticipated admission were identified using univariate analysis. Charts of patients, who needed admission, were reviewed.

RESULTS:

13.2% of day-case patients had a postoperative stay < or = 3 h, 55.3% 3-6 h and 26.2% > or = 6 h. The rate of unanticipated admission was 5.4%. Intraoperative haemoglobin concentration and blood loss were the best predictors of a prolonged postoperative stay. Other significant predictors were female gender, advanced age, longer duration of surgery, larger volume of infusions, intubation, spinal anaesthesia, intraoperative use of opioids and non-depolarizing muscle relaxants, high pain score, nausea and vomiting and prolonged preoperative waiting time. Chart review of patients admitted to hospital confirmed the validity of the statistically significant predictors.

CONCLUSIONS:

In day-case surgery, the predictors of prolonged stay in the day-care unit and unplanned Hospital admission are mainly related to the surgical procedure.

PMID:
11350474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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