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J Invest Dermatol. 2001 May;116(5):750-4.

The HCR gene on 6p21 is unlikely to be a psoriasis susceptibility gene.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The PSORS1 locus in the human major histocompatibility complex on 6p21 has been consistently associated with psoriasis in populations of diverse ethnicity. The HLA-C allele Cw*0602, located therein, has been found in up to 67% of psoriasis patients but is no longer considered a candidate gene in itself. The alpha-helix coiled-coil rod homolog gene (HCR, previously Pg8) is located 110 kb from the HLA-C gene, positioned between the CDSN and SC1 genes, within a region thought to harbor a psoriasis gene (PSORS1). We investigated the HCR gene for disease association by direct sequencing of nine polymerase chain reaction products amplified from a series of Swedish psoriasis patients and controls. We found that HCR is a very polymorphic gene with 25 polymorphisms in the open reading frame alone, of which 10 demonstrated disease association; however, the relationship between HCR polymorphisms and HLA-Cw*0602 indicates that HCR cannot truly be considered a likely candidate gene. We investigated Cw*0602 association while stratifying for HCR single nucleotide polymorphisms. We also investigated HCR single nucleotide polymorphism association with the disease while stratifying for the presence of Cw*0602. We found that whichever single nucleotide polymorphism that was stratified for, there was still a strongly significant Cw*0602 association with psoriasis; however, when we stratified for Cw*0602 presence, only one silent polymorphism showed significant association. In a recent similar study this polymorphism was actually found to be decreased in psoriasis individuals. Thus we conclude that HCR polymorphisms display association with psoriasis due to linkage disequilibrium with Cw*0602 and is, therefore, unlikely to be directly involved in the development of psoriasis.

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