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Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2001;12(2):166-78.

Regulation of mandibular postures: mechanisms and clinical implications.

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  • 1Universit√© d'Auvergne, Laboratoire de Physiologie Oro-faciale, Facult√© de Chirurgie Dentaire, UFR d'Odontologie, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Erratum in

  • Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2003;14(5):317. Piochon, P [corrected to Pionchon, P].


This review argues that (1) the habitual mandibular position is constantly variable and so cannot be considered as a craniomandibular reference point, (2) there is no unique centric relation, (3) mandibular posture greatly depends on head posture, (4) clinical evaluation of the occlusal vertical dimension is mostly empirical, and (5) neither the vertical dimension at rest nor the centric relation can be determined by means of existing instrument-based clinical methods. However, some physiological conditions exist that facilitate the recording of craniomandibular position.

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