Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001 Apr;55(3):263-83.

Metabolic engineering.

Author information

  • 1Center for Process Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby.


Metabolic engineering has developed as a very powerful approach to optimising industrial fermentation processes through the introduction of directed genetic changes using recombinant DNA technology. Successful metabolic engineering starts with a careful analysis of cellular function; based on the results of this analysis, an improved strain is designed and subsequently constructed by genetic engineering. In recent years some very powerful tools have been developed, both for analysing cellular function and for introducing directed genetic changes. In this paper, some of these tools are reviewed and many examples of metabolic engineering are presented to illustrate the power of the technology. The examples are categorised according to the approach taken or the aim: (1) heterologous protein production, (2) extension of substrate range, (3) pathways leading to new products, (4) pathways for degradation of xenobiotics, (5) improvement of overall cellular physiology, (6) elimination or reduction of by-product formation, and (7) improvement of yield or productivity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk