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Shock. 2001 May;15(5):372-7.

Influence of temperature during cardiopulmonary bypass on leukocyte activation, cytokine balance, and post-operative organ damage.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Aachen University of Technology, Germany.


This study examined the hypothesis that core temperature (T(o)) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) influences the perioperative systemic inflammatory response and post-operative organ damage. Twenty-four pigs were assigned to a T(o) regimen during CPB: normothermia (T(o) 37 degrees C; n = 8), moderate hypothermia (T(o) 28 degrees C; n = 8), or deep hypothermia (T(o) 20 degrees C; n = 8). Perioperative leukocyte activation, endotoxin release, and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin-10 (IL10) were examined with regard to post-operative organ damage, which was scored at histological examination of tissue probes of heart, lungs, liver, kidney, and ileum, taken 6 h after CPB. Total blood leukocyte count and TNFalpha plasma levels during CPB were significantly lower and IL10 levels were significantly higher in the moderate hypothermic group than in both other groups. Elastase activity, leukotriene B4-, and endotoxin levels were not affected by T(o) regimen. Moderate hypothermia was associated with the lowest histological organ damage score and normothermia with the highest. In all animals organ damage score for heart, lungs, and kidneys correlated significantly with TNFalpha levels at the end of CPB. Our data demonstrate a clear relationship between TNFalpha production during cardiac operations and post-operative multiple-organ damage. Moderate hypothermia, by stimulating IL10 synthesis and suppressing TNFalpha production during CPB, might provide organ protection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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