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Melanoma Res. 2001 Apr;11(2):197-201.

Direct antiproliferative effects of melatonin on two metastatic cell sublines of mouse melanoma (B16BL6 and PG19).

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.


The effects of melatonin on the growth of two highly tumorigenic rodent melanoma cells were studied in vitro. PG19, an amelanotic mouse melanoma cell line, and B16BL6, a melanotic melanoma cell line selected for its invasive potential in vitro, were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of melatonin (10 microM to 0.1 pM). Five days later, viable cells were determined in a haemocytometer by the trypan blue exclusion test. Melatonin at concentrations of 1 nM and 10 pM (within the range of concentrations that correspond to physiological night-time and daytime levels in human blood) significantly inhibited proliferation in both melanoma cell lines. Subphysiological (0.1 pM) or supraphysiological (10 microM to 100 nM) concentrations of melatonin lacked this effect. These results support the hypothesis that, at physiological concentrations, melatonin exerts a direct inhibitory effect on PG19 and B16BL6 cells proliferation.

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