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Pediatrics. 2001 May;107(5):1065-9.

The effect of late doses on the achievement of seroprotection and antibody titer levels with hepatitis b immunization among adolescents.

Author information

  • 1Adolescent and Sports Medicine Section, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. amym@bcm.tmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of varying dosing schedules and predictor variables on the seroprotection rates and geometric mean titer levels resulting from the hepatitis B vaccination series among adolescents.

METHODS:

Adolescents received the hepatitis B vaccination series at varying schedules according to their natural adherence patterns. Data collected included participants' medication use; chronic illness; use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana; age; race/ethnicity; and body mass index. Participants' dates of vaccinations were recorded and titer levels for hepatitis B surface antibody were drawn ~12 and 24 months after study enrollment. The data for 498 participants were analyzed using chi(2) tests, Student t tests, logistic regression models, and analysis of variance.

RESULTS:

Seroprotection rates among adolescents were not affected by late vaccinations. The only factors affecting the achievement of seroprotection ~12 and 24 months after the first vaccination were body mass index and the number of immunizations received. Increased time between doses 1 and 2 and doses 2 and 3 showed a trend toward correlating with increasing titer levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although adolescents at risk of acquiring hepatitis B should receive the hepatitis B vaccination series in a timely fashion, late doses are not detrimental, and may be beneficial, to achieving high antibody levels against the hepatitis B virus.

Comment in

PMID:
11331687
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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