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Immunology. 2001 Apr;102(4):450-9.

Intensive generation of NK1.1- extrathymic T cells in the liver by injection of bone marrow cells isolated from mice with a mutation of polymorphic major histocompatibility complex antigens.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan.

Abstract

Whether intermediate TCR (TCRint) cells and natural killer T (NKT or NK1.1+TCRint) cells are extrathymically generated remains controversial. This arises from the fact that there are few of these T cells in athymic nude mice and neonatally thymectomized mice. However, when athymic mice were provided with appropriate microenvironments or stimulation, many TCRint cells (mainly NK1.1-) were found to arise in the liver. NKT cells are known to be positively selected by monomorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) -like antigens (e.g. CD1d). This is true even if they are CD4+. In other words, a MHC class I-like antigen is restricted to CD4 antigen. This rule is somewhat different from that seen in conventional T cells (i.e. the restriction of class II with CD4 and that of class I and CD8). In the case of NK1.1-TCRint cells, they were selected by polymorphic MHC antigens, but their MHC restriction to CD4 or CD8 antigen was incomplete. This was revealed by experiments of bone marrow transfer with class I (bm 1) or II (bm 12) disparity. Depending on the disparity, a unique cytokine profile in sera was detected. These results suggest that the development of T lineage lymphocytes and MHC restriction to CD4 and CD8 might have occurred in parallell as a phylogenic event, and that NK1.1- extrathymic T cells (i.e. NK1.1-TCRint) are at an intermediate position between NKT cells and conventional T cells in phylogeny.

PMID:
11328379
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1783195
Free PMC Article
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