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J Hypertens. 2001 Mar;19(3 Pt 2):539-45.

Relevance of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in the effects of hypertension on rat coronary relaxations.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the relative participation of nitric oxide (NO), endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) and prostanoids in the relaxing responses induced by acetylcholine and isoproterenol in isolated coronary arteries from adult Wistar- Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Male adult WKY rats and SHR were used in the study. Segments from left coronary arteries (approximately 350-380 microm internal diameter and 2 mm long) were mounted in an isometric myograph and pre-contracted with serotonin. Dose-response curves to acetylcholine and isoproterenol were carried out in absence and presence of the NO synthesis inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (LNAME), the inhibitor of the cyclo-oxygenase, indomethacin and KCI. Areas under the respective dose-response curves were used to calculate the approximate relative participation of NO, EDHF and prostanoids.

RESULTS:

Relaxations to either acetylcholine or isoproterenol were lower in SHR than in WKY rats. In WKY rats, presence of LNAME diminished (P< 0.05) relaxation to acetylcholine from 10(-9) to 10(-6) mol/l, and induced a contracting response at 10(-5) and 10(-4) mol/l of acetylcholine. Addition of indomethacin did not significantly affect dose-related relaxation to acetylcholine 10(-9) to 10(-6) mol/l in WKY rats, and reduced (P < 0.05) the contracting response observed at 10(-5) mol/l of acetylcholine. In SHR, addition of LNAME markedly reduced (P< 0.05) acetylcholine relaxations, but did not produce any contracting effect. Addition of indomethacin on top of LNAME slightly (P< 0.05) enhanced relaxing response to acetylcholine in SHR. Presence of LNAME in the media diminished (P < 0.05) relaxation to isoproterenol in both WKY rats and SHR. Addition of indomethacin on top of LNAME increased (P< 0.05) isoproterenol-relaxing response to levels similar to and higher than control conditions in WKY rats and SHR, respectively. Addition of KCI blunted both acetylcholine- and isoproterenol-relaxations in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

NO and EDHF are the main endothelium-derived relaxing factors underlying acetylcholine and isoproterenol relaxations in rat coronary arteries, respectively. EDHF reduction, and not only NO reduction play a key role in the diminished coronary relaxations induced by acetylcholine and isoproterenol in SHR. An arachidonic acid derivative with contracting activity released by acetylcholine and isoproterenol in a differential manner, could oppose the relaxing actions of NO and EDHF.

PMID:
11327627
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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