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J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001 May;59(5):518-22; discussion 523-4.

Adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen in irradiated patients requiring dental extractions: outcomes and complications.

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  • 1Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study assessed complications of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy, potential predictors of poor outcome, and treatment outcomes in irradiated patients undergoing dental extractions.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This was a prospective, descriptive study of 40 consecutive patients treated with HBO before and after dental extractions in an irradiated field. All patients had radiation caries; none had osteoradionecrosis (ORN). All were prescribed a protocol of 20 pre-extraction and 10 postextraction HBO treatments at 2.4 ATA for 90 minutes. Potential risk factors for poor healing and risk factors for complications were identified. All complications were recorded. Extraction site healing was evaluated at the conclusion of HBO therapy, at 1 month, and 1 year later.

RESULTS:

There were no serious complications. There was no correlation between preidentified risk factors and poor healing. At 1 year, 98.5% of all extraction sites were healed. Patients who did not heal were an average of 8 years since radiation, compared with 3.3 years for those who healed (P <.001).

CONCLUSION:

Use of HBO is associated with a very low incidence of ORN at 1-year follow-up. However, the time since radiation has a positive correlation with risk for ORN.

Copyright 2001 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

PMID:
11326374
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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