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Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2001 Mar;128(3 Pt 2):334-7.

[A prospective study on erysipelas and infectious cellulitis: how are they dealt within hospital?].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • Service de Maladies Infectieuses, CHU, 80000 Amiens, France.

Abstract

771 cases of erysipelas and 52 cases of infectious cellulitis were collected over 3 months in a prospective study carried out in French hospitals. The mean age was 62.7 +/- 19.3 years for the erysipelas patients and 69.7 +/- 16 years for the cellulitis patients. Sex-ratios were respectively 0.92 and 2.7. The infection was mainly localized in the lower limbs in both categories (90.9 p. 100 and 71 p. 100); the upper limbs and the face were more often involved in cellulitis than in erysipelas (13 p. 100 versus 5.2 p. 100 and 10 p. 100 versus 2.5 p. 100). Penicillin G was the initial antimicrobial treatment in 45 p. 100 of the erysipelas cases, whereas amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was used in 32.7 p. 100 of the cellulitis cases. Other antibiotics used were pristinamycin, antistaphylococcal penicillin, and amoxicillin. Combinations of antibiotics were used to treat 50 p. 100 of the cellulitis cases but only 11 p. 100 of the erysipelas cases. Anticoagulants were used in 67.4 p. 100 of the erysipelas cases and in 59.7 p. 100 of the cellulitis cases. Surgery was performed in 52 p. 100 of the cellulitis cases, and hyperbaric oxygen in 4.2 p. 100. The outcome was quite different for the 2 diseases: cure rate without complications reached 86.6 p. 100 for erysipelas, and only 48.1 p. 100 for cellulitis; death rates reached respectively 0.77 p. 100 and 5.7 p. 100, median length of hospitalization 8 days and 21 days, and median length of antibiotic treatment 15 days and 21 days.

PMID:
11319360
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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