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Can J Surg. 2001 Apr;44(2):117-21.

Cost factors in Canadian pediatric trauma.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate the costs of Canadian pediatric trauma and identify cost predictors.

DESIGN:

A chart review.

SETTING:

A regional trauma centre.

STUDY MATERIAL:

The charts of all 221 children who suffered traumatic injuries with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of 4 or more seen over 6 years at a regional trauma centre.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Patient data, injury data, all hospital-based costs, excluding nursing, food and medication costs.

RESULTS:

Mean (and standard deviation) patient age was 12.8 (5) years. Sixty percent were boys. Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) accounted for 71% of the injuries, followed by falls (11%). The mean (and SD) total cost of care was Can$7,582 (Can$12,370), and the cost of media was Can$2,666. Total cost correlated directly with age (r = 0.29, p < 0.001) and Injury Severity Score (ISS) (r = 0.34, p < 0.001) and inversely with the Pediatric Trauma Score (PTS) (r = -0.20, p = 0.003). The presence of extremity injuries correlated significantly with total cost (r = 0.22, p = 0.001) and PTS (r = -0.25, p < 0.001) but not with the ISS. Logistic regression analysis identified runk injury, ISS and PTS as the main determinants of survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

The cost of pediatric trauma in Canada can be predicted from admission data and trauma scores. The cost of extremity injuries is significant and can be predicted by the PTS but not the ISS.

Comment in

PMID:
11308233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3695105
Free PMC Article
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