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J Reprod Med. 2001 Mar;46(3):253-5.

Intramural leiomyoma during pregnancy becoming pedunculated postpartally. A case report.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John's Mercy Hospital, Washington, USA.



The natural history of uterine leiomyomas during pregnancy has been reported.


A 39-year-old primigravida presented with vaginal spotting in the 10th week of pregnancy. Ultrasonic evaluation revealed a large intramural leiomyoma. Unsuccessful tocolysis at 25 weeks' gestation resulted in a cesarean section for breech presentation. At hysterotomy a 10-cm intramural leiomyoma was found in the right fundus and was left in situ. Six months later, at open laparotomy for myomectomy, the 10-cm leiomyoma was pedunculated, on a 4-cm stalk.


Large intramural leiomyomas found at cesarean section may become pedunculated postpartally, thus making myomectomy easier and safer at a postpartum intervention than at the time of cesarean section. Also, prior knowledge of the possibility of myoma transformation from intramural to pedunculated postpartally may help in planning a later myomectomy. Myomectomy prior to pregnancy should be considered when it has caused a prior pregnancy complication.

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