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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2001 Jan;63(1 Pt 2):016605. Epub 2000 Dec 20.

Stable vortex solitons in the two-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau equation.

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  • 1Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Atomic Physics, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest, Romania.

Abstract

In the framework of the complex cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation, we perform a systematic analysis of two-dimensional axisymmetric doughnut-shaped localized pulses with the inner phase field in the form of a rotating spiral. We put forward a qualitative argument which suggests that, on the contrary to the known fundamental azimuthal instability of spinning doughnut-shaped solitons in the cubic-quintic NLS equation, their GL counterparts may be stable. This is confirmed by massive direct simulations, and, in a more rigorous way, by calculating the growth rate of the dominant perturbation eigenmode. It is shown that very robust spiral solitons with (at least) the values of the vorticity S=0, 1, and 2 can be easily generated from a large variety of initial pulses having the same values of intrinsic vorticity S. In a large domain of the parameter space, it is found that all the stable solitons coexist, each one being a strong attractor inside its own class of localized two-dimensional pulses distinguished by their vorticity. In a smaller region of the parameter space, stable solitons with S=1 and 2 coexist, while the one with S=0 is absent. Stable breathers, i.e., both nonspiraling and spiraling solitons demonstrating persistent quasiperiodic internal vibrations, are found too.

PMID:
11304376
[PubMed]
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