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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2001 May;297(2):638-45.

Pharmacokinetics of celecoxib after oral administration in dogs and humans: effect of food and site of absorption.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Bioavailability, Pharmacia, Skokie, Illinois 60077, USA. susan.k.paulson@pharmacia.com

Abstract

Celecoxib pharmacokinetics was evaluated after single and multiple oral dosing; after dosing in a solution and as a solid; with and without food; and after administration into different sites of the GI tract using dog. After oral dosing in a solution, celecoxib was rapidly absorbed and reached maximum concentrations by 1 h; absorption was delayed another 1 to 2 h when administered as a solid. The absolute bioavailability of celecoxib was higher when given as a solution (64--88%) compared with capsule (22--40%). The absorption of celecoxib given in a capsule was delayed by food, although systemic exposure increased by 3- to 5-fold. The systemic availability of celecoxib given intragastrically in solution was similar to that obtained following direct instillation into the duodenum, jejunum, or colon through a chronic intestinal access port. Collectively, these data suggest that celecoxib is a highly permeable drug that can be absorbed throughout the GI tract and that dissolution may be a rate-limiting factor for absorption from solid dosage forms. Unlike dogs, celecoxib given to humans with a high fat meal exhibits only a slight increase in AUC(0--infinity) (11%) that is not clinically significant with regard to safety or efficacy. In humans, a lower dose and a longer GI residence time may promote the opportunity for absorption of a poorly soluble drug such as celecoxib that can be absorbed throughout the GI tract. This would minimize the effect of food on absorption; as such, patients with arthritis can be given celecoxib with or without food.

PMID:
11303053
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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