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Mod Pathol. 2001 Apr;14(4):325-37.

Highly proliferative fibroblasts forming fibrotic focus govern metastasis of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast.

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  • 1Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute East, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

We have already reported that invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs) with fibrotic focus (FF) have more aggressive characteristics than those without FF. FF is composed of a mixture of fibroblasts and various amounts of collagen fibers, suggesting that highly proliferative fibroblasts forming FF increase the malignant potential of IDCs with FF. The purpose of this study was to examine whether there is a difference of proliferative activity of fibroblasts forming and not forming FF, which plays an important role in the tumor progression of IDCS: Two hundred three consecutive cases of IDC of the breast surgically treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital East formed the basis for this study. The proliferative activity of the fibroblasts forming the FF was immunohistochemically evaluated by using mouse MIB-1 monoclonal antibody against Ki-67 antigen. The MIB-1 labeling index (LI) is the percentage of fibroblasts forming FF that have positively stained nuclei, and 300 fibroblasts were counted in each FF. The significance of the proliferative activity of fibroblasts forming FF with regard to lymph node metastasis (LNM) or distant-organ metastasis (DOM) was compared with well-known prognostic parameters. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high MIB-1 LI of fibroblasts forming FF significantly increased the relative risk of LNM and the hazard rate of DOM (P < .001 and P = .009). The present study indicated that the metastatic ability of IDCs with FF is highly dependent on the proliferative activity of the fibroblasts forming FF.

PMID:
11301349
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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