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EMBO J. 2001 Apr 17;20(8):2097-107.

Sld3, which interacts with Cdc45 (Sld4), functions for chromosomal DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Division of Microbial Genetics, National Institute of Genetics, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 Japan.


Cdc45, which binds to the minichromosomal maintenance (Mcm) proteins, has a pivotal role in the initiation and elongation steps of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes. Here we show that throughout the cell cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc45 forms a complex with a novel factor, Sld3. Consistently, Sld3 and Cdc45 associate simultaneously with replication origins in the chromatin immunoprecipitation assay: both proteins associate with early-firing origins in G(1) phase and with late-firing origins in late S phase. Moreover, the origin associations of Sld3 and Cdc45 are mutually dependent. The temperature-sensitive sld3 mutation confers a defect in DNA replication at the restrictive temperature and reduces an interaction not only between Sld3 and Cdc45, but also between Cdc45 and Mcm2. These results suggest that the Sld3-Cdc45 complex associates with replication origins through Mcm proteins. At the restrictive temperature in sld3-5 cells, replication factor A, a single-strand DNA binding protein, does not associate with origins. Therefore, the origin association of Sld3-Cdc45 complex is prerequisite for origin unwinding in the initiation of DNA replication.

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