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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001 Apr;107(4):718-23.

Allergy caused by ingestion of persimmon (Diospyros kaki): detection of specific IgE and cross-reactivity to profilin and carbohydrate determinants.

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  • 1Allergy Unit, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zürich, Gloriastr 31, 8091 Zürich, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Allergy to persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is very rare and not yet confirmed by means of double-blind, placebo-controlled, food-challenge (DBPCFC). Thus far, specific IgE to this fruit and cross-reactivity to pollen and other foods has not been determined.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to confirm allergy to persimmon in 3 patients with an according personal history and to characterize allergens and cross-reactivity of specific IgE antibodies to pollen and food allergens. One patient reacted with pruritus, penis edema, urticaria, and asthma; the second reacted with nausea and vomitus; and the third reacted with rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, and stomachache after ingestion of persimmon.

METHODS:

Patients underwent skin prick testing with routine allergens, latex, persimmon, and other foods. Allergy to persimmon was confirmed by means of a DBPCFC. Specific serum IgE levels were measured with CAP-FEIA and the enzyme allergosorbent test (EAST) method. EAST and immunoblot inhibitions were carried out with persimmon; birch, grass, and ragweed pollen; latex; and N-glycans as inhibitors.

RESULTS:

All patients had positive skin test responses, DBPCFC and specific IgE assays to persimmon. Blot and EAST inhibition assays revealed IgE to cross-reactive profilin in one patient and IgE to cross-reacting carbohydrate determinants in all patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first report on 3 cases of allergy to persimmon verified by means of DBPCFC and detection of specific IgE. The sensitization is due to cross-reactive profilin and carbohydrate determinants.

PMID:
11295664
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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