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Phys Rev Lett. 2001 Apr 2;86(14):3012-5.

Experimental and theoretical evidence for the existence of absolute acoustic band gaps in two-dimensional solid phononic crystals.

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  • 1Laboratire de Dynamique et Structures des Matériaux Moléculaires, UPRESA CNRS 8024, UFR de Physique, Université de Lillle I, Villeneuve d' Ascq, France.


Experimental measurements of acoustic transmission through a solid-solid two-dimensional binary-composite medium constituted of a triangular array of parallel circular steel cylinders in an epoxy matrix are reported. Attention is restricted to propagation of elastic waves perpendicular to the cylinders. Measured transmitted spectra demonstrate the existence of absolute stop bands, i.e., band gaps independent of the direction of propagation in the plane perpendicular to the cylinders. Theoretical calculations of the band structure and transmission spectra using the plane wave expansion and the finite difference time domain methods support unambiguously the absolute nature of the observed band gaps.

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