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Arch Oral Biol. 2001 May;46(5):443-51.

Effects of ovariectomy and/or dietary calcium deficiency on bone dynamics in the rat hard palate, mandible and proximal tibia.

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  • 1Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Okayama University Dental School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8525, Japan. harat@dent.okayama-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The effects of ovariectomy and/or dietary calcium deficiency on bone dynamics were examined by comparing the histomorphometric changes in these bones. Five groups of rats were studied, (1) unoperated basal controls; (2) sham-operated, fed on a normal-calcium diet; (3) ovariectomized, fed on a normal-calcium diet; (4) sham-operated, fed on a calcium-deficient diet; (5) ovariectomized, fed on a calcium-deficient diet. The basal controls were killed at 6 weeks of age, and the remaining groups were killed at 18 weeks of age. The hard palate, mandible and proximal tibia were processed undemineralized for quantitative bone histomorphometry. Bone volume, eroded surface, osteoid surface and bone-formation ratio were calculated. A significant age-related increase in bone volume and a significant decrease in bone formation were observed in the hard palate and mandible, whereas no significant age-related increase in bone volume could be found in the tibia. In the hard palate, ovariectomy neither inhibited age-related increases in bone volume nor affected bone dynamics, while both the combined ovariectomy and dietary calcium deficiency and dietary calcium deficiency alone led to bone loss and increased bone turnover. In contrast, in the mandible and proximal tibia, ovariectomy alone as well as dietary calcium deficiency led to bone loss and increased bone turnover. Ovariectomy, therefore, produced no significant changes in the hard palate, but affected bone dynamics in the mandible and tibia. However, dietary calcium deficiency induced bone loss and increased bone turnover in the hard palate, mandible and proximal tibia, independently of ovariectomy.

PMID:
11286809
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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