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Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Apr;158(4):638-40.

Postpartum depression in women receiving public assistance: pilot study of an interpersonal-therapy-oriented group intervention.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA.



This study investigated whether a preventive intervention based on the principles of interpersonal psychotherapy administered to pregnant women would reduce the risk of postpartum major depression.


Thirty-seven pregnant women receiving public assistance who had at least one risk factor for postpartum depression were randomly assigned to a four-session group intervention or to a treatment-as-usual condition. Thirty-five of the women completed the study. Structured diagnostic interviews were administered to assess for postpartum major depression.


Within 3 months after they gave birth, six (33%) of the 18 women in the treatment-as-usual condition had developed postpartum major depression, compared with none of the 17 women in the intervention condition.


A four-session interpersonal-therapy-oriented group intervention was successful in preventing the occurrence of major depression during a postpartum period of 3 months in a group of financially disadvantaged women.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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