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Mol Immunol. 2000 Oct;37(15):901-13.

Molecular analysis of cross-reactive anti-myosin/anti-streptococcal mouse monoclonal antibodies.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Biomedical Research Center, 975 N.E. 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.


Nucleotide sequences of VH- and VL-genes of anti-myosin/anti-streptococcal monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were analyzed and compared with their highly detailed antigen binding reactivities. Antigen-specificities of the cross-reactive mAbs included myosin, streptococcal M-protein, actin, keratin, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine, vimentin, DNA, tropomyosin, troponin, and laminin as previously described. After nucleotide sequence analysis, homology indicated that some of the V gene sequences aligned with antibodies recognizing gangliosides and blood group antigens glycophorin M and N. Therefore, mAb reactivity with gangliosides and glycophorin M and N was identified. The cross-reactive mAbs utilized a heterogeneous group of germline V-heavy genes comprised of nine J558-, four 7183- and two Q52-family VH-genes. Germline V-light genes utilized by the mAbs included six Vkappa4/5-, three Vkappa8-, two Vkappa10-, three Vkappa19- and one Vkappa23-family VL-genes. No preferential VH/VL-chains correlated with any of the 12 different antigen reactivities, even for mAbs with nearly identical cross-reactivities. However, we did find that the cross-reactive mAb germline genes within a V gene family shared more homology among themselves than with other germline genes within their V gene families, suggesting convergent mutation. Cross-reactive mAbs with the highest relative avidity for myosin were found in the VH7183 family which contained two cytotoxic mAbs. Antibodies with V gene sequences most homologous to those of our cross-reactive anti-myosin/anti-streptococcal mAbs had specificities for laminin, DNA, carbohydrates, or blood group antigens and were reported to cause autoimmune disease in mice.

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