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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Apr;121(4):689-96.

Reduced postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirement after beating-heart coronary operations: a prospective randomized study.

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  • 1Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol BS2 8HW, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart through median sternotomy is a relatively new treatment, which allows multiple revascularization without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. A prospective randomized study was designed to investigate the effect of coronary bypass with or without cardiopulmonary bypass on postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirement.

METHODS:

Two hundred patients with coronary artery disease were prospectively randomized to (1) on-pump treatment with conventional cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest and (2) off-pump treatment on the beating heart. Postoperative blood loss identified as total chest tube drainage, transfusion requirement, and related costs together with hematologic indices and clotting profiles were analyzed.

RESULTS:

There was no difference between the groups with respect to preoperative and intraoperative patient variables. The mean ratio of postoperative blood loss and 95% confidence interval between groups was 1.64 and 1.39 to 1.94, respectively, suggesting on average a postoperative blood loss 1.6 times higher in the on-pump group compared with the off-pump group. Seventy-seven patients in the off-pump group required no blood transfusion compared with only 48 in the on-pump group (P <.01). Furthermore, less than 5% of patients in the on-pump group required fresh frozen plasma and platelet transfusion compared with 30% and 25%, respectively, in the on-pump group (both P <.05). Mean transfusion cost per patient was higher in the on-pump compared with that in the off-pump group ($184.8 +/- $35.2 vs $21.47 +/- $6.9, P <.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart is associated with a significant reduction in postoperative blood loss, transfusion requirement, and transfusion-related cost when compared with conventional revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest.

PMID:
11279409
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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