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J Biol Chem. 2001 May 25;276(21):18485-90. Epub 2001 Feb 21.

Localization of disulfide bonds in the frizzled module of Ror1 receptor tyrosine kinase.

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  • 1Institute of Enzymology, Biological Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, P. O. Box 7, H-1518, Hungary.


The frizzled (FRZ) module is a novel module type that was first identified in G-protein-coupled receptors of the frizzled and smoothened families and has since been shown to be present in several secreted frizzled-related proteins, in some modular proteases, in collagen XVIII, and in various receptor tyrosine kinases of the Ror family. The FRZ modules constitute the extracellular ligand-binding region of frizzled receptors and are known to mediate signals of WNT family members through these receptors. With an eye toward defining the structure of this important module family, we have expressed the FRZ domain of rat Ror1 receptor tyrosine kinase in Pichia pastoris. By proteolytic digestion and amino acid sequencing the disulfide bonds were found to connect the 10 conserved cysteines in a 1-5, 2-4, 3-8, 6-10, and 7-9 pattern. Circular dichroism and differential scanning calorimetry studies on the recombinant protein indicate that the disulfide-bonded FRZ module corresponds to a single, compact, and remarkably stable folding domain possessing both alpha-helices and beta-strands.

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