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J Biol Chem. 2001 May 4;276(18):14855-60. Epub 2001 Feb 7.

Eicosanoids inhibit the G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channel (Kir3) at the Na+/PIP2 gating site.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7280, USA.

Abstract

We previously showed that activation of the human endothelin A receptor (HETAR) by endothelin-1 (Et-1) selectively inhibits the response to mu opioid receptor (MOR) activation of the G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channel (Kir3). The Et-1 effect resulted from PLA2 production of an eicosanoid that inhibited Kir3. In this study, we show that Kir3 inhibition by eicosanoids is channel subunit-specific, and we identify the site within the channel required for arachidonic acid sensitivity. Activation of the G-protein-coupled MOR by the selective opioid agonist D-Ala(2)Glyol, enkephalin, released Gbetagamma that activated Kir3. The response to MOR activation was significantly inhibited by Et-1 activation of HETAR in homomeric channels composed of either Kir3.2 or Kir3.4. In contrast, homomeric channels of Kir3.1 were substantially less sensitive. Domain deletion and channel chimera studies suggested that the sites within the channel required for Et-1-induced inhibition were within the region responsible for channel gating. Mutation of a single amino acid in the homomeric Kir3.1 to produce Kir3.1(F137S)(N217D) dramatically increased the channel sensitivity to arachidonic acid and Et-1 treatment. Complementary mutation of the equivalent amino acid in Kir3.4 to produce Kir3.4(S143T)(D223N) significantly reduced the sensitivity of the channel to arachidonic acid- and Et-1-induced inhibition. The critical aspartate residue required for eicosanoid sensitivity is the same residue required for Na(+) regulation of PIP(2) gating. The results suggest a model of Kir3 gating that incorporates a series of regulatory steps, including Gbetagamma, PIP(2), Na(+), and arachidonic acid binding to the channel gating domain.

PMID:
11278615
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1262640
Free PMC Article
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