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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 8;276(23):20029-38. Epub 2001 Mar 26.

AP-1 and Cbfa/runt physically interact and regulate parathyroid hormone-dependent MMP13 expression in osteoblasts through a new osteoblast-specific element 2/AP-1 composite element.

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  • 1Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Heidelberg, Division of Signal Transduction and Growth Control (B0800), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

The expression of MMP13 (collagenase-3), a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family, is increased in vivo as well as in cultured osteosarcoma cell lines by parathyroid hormone (PTH), a major regulator of calcium homeostasis. Binding sites for AP-1 and Cbfa/Runt transcription factors in close proximity have been identified as cis-acting elements in the murine and rat mmp13 promoter required for PTH-induced expression. The cooperative function of these factors in response to PTH in osteoblastic cells suggests a direct interaction between AP-1 and Cbfa/Runt transcription factors. Here, we demonstrate interaction between c-Jun and c-Fos with Cbfa/Runt proteins. This interaction depends on the leucine zipper of c-Jun or c-Fos and the Runt domain of Cbfa/Runt proteins, respectively. Moreover, c-Fos interacts with the C-terminal part of Cbfa1 and Cbfa2, sharing a conserved transcriptional repression domain. In addition to the distal osteoblast-specific element 2 (OSE2) element in the murine and rat mmp13 promoter, we identified a new proximal OSE2 site overlapping with the TRE motif. Both interaction of Cbfa/Runt proteins with AP-1 and the presence of a functional proximal OSE2 site are required for enhanced transcriptional activity of the mmp13 promoter in transient transfected fibroblasts and in PTH-treated osteosarcoma cells.

PMID:
11274169
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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