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J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Mar 10;752(2):247-61.

Characterization of a recombinant monoclonal antibody by mass spectrometry combined with liquid chromatography.

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  • 1Center of Molecular Immunology, Havana, Cuba.


In this report, we present the characterization of a humanized monoclonal antibody specific for the human epidermal growth factor receptor (hEGFR). Direct analysis by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) of peptide mixtures and chromatographically isolated fractions allowed identification of 94.0% and 85.4% of the amino acid sequence of light and heavy chains, respectively. Microheterogeneity sources were identified in light and heavy chains and a previously unreported posttranslational modification for immunoglobulins was found. One N-glycosylation site was identified in the heavy chain with non-sialylated bianntenary fucosylated structures. This study is one of the first to assess the potential of MALDI-MS in combination with more conventional protein chemistry techniques for the characterization of monoclonal antibodies.

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