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Genes Cells. 2001 Mar;6(3):225-35.

Coronin forms a stable dimer through its C-terminal coiled coil region: an implicated role in its localization to cell periphery.

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  • 1Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Japan.



Coronin is an actin-binding protein, which contains WD (Trp-Asp) repeats and a coiled-coil motif, and plays a role in regulating organization of the actin cytoskeletal network. Coronin localizes to the cell periphery, is involved in lamellipodium extension, and has an implicated role in cytokinesis, cell motility and phagocytosis.


Our experiments with two different tagged forms of Xenopus coronin (Xcoronin) have shown that Xcoronin forms an oligomer. This oligomer complex is stable, resistant to 2.4 M NaCl, 0.6 M KI or 2 M urea. Physiochemical analysis of endogenous Xcoronin and the protein expressed in COS7 cells or in bacteria has revealed that the oligomer complex is an Xcoronin dimer. A C-terminal coiled-coil motif of Xcoronin is necessary and sufficient for the dimerization. Mutations in the coiled-coil motif generated dimerization deficient mutants of Xcoronin. Moreover, these mutant forms of Xcoronin failed to localize to the cell periphery, suggesting that dimerization is important for the proper subcellular localization of Xcoronin.


Xcoronin forms a stable dimer via its C-terminal coiled-coil region. We propose that coronin dimerization is necessary for its proper subcellular localization and function.

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