Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Reprod. 2001 Apr;64(4):1183-90.

E-cadherin-mediated cell contact prevents apoptosis of spontaneously immortalized granulosa cells by regulating Akt kinase activity.

Author information

  • 1Departments of Physiology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA. peluso@nso2.uchc.edu

Abstract

The present studies were designed to determine the role that homophilic E-cadherin binding plays in preventing apoptosis of spontaneously immortalized granulosa cells (SIGCs). Although the levels of E-cadherin were similar to serum control levels, the amount of E-cadherin at the plasma membrane was dramatically reduced by 5 h after serum withdrawal. To determine whether disrupting homophilic E-cadherin binding leads to apoptosis, SIGCs were cultured in serum in the presence of either EGTA or an E-cadherin antibody. Treatment with either EGTA, which disrupts all calcium-dependent contacts, or E-cadherin antibody, induced apoptosis. Exposure to EGTA reduced MEK and Akt kinase activity, whereas E-cadherin antibody only attenuated Akt kinase activity. Because Akt kinase controls caspase-3 activity, an important activator of apoptosis, caspase-3 activity was monitored. Caspase-3 activity increased after serum depletion, or EGTA or E-cadherin antibody treatment. Time-series analysis of caspase-3 activity within single cells revealed that during apoptosis cell contact was disrupted then caspase-3 activity was detected. Finally, the caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, blocked apoptosis. These data taken together are consistent with the concept that E-cadherin-mediated cell contact, either directly or indirectly, promotes Akt kinase activity, which in turn, inhibits caspase-3 activation and thereby maintains SIGC viability.

PMID:
11259266
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk