Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurobiol. 2001 Apr;47(1):26-38.

Calmodulin and profilin coregulate axon outgrowth in Drosophila.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.


Coordinated regulation of actin cytoskeletal dynamics is critical to growth cone movement. The intracellular molecules calmodulin and profilin actively regulate actin-based motility and participate in the signaling pathways used to steer growth cones. Here we show that in the developing Drosophila embryo, calmodulin and profilin convey complimentary information that is necessary for appropriate growth cone advance. Reducing calmodulin activity by expression of a dominant inhibitor (KA) stalls axon extension of pioneer neurons within the CNS, while a partial loss of profilin function decreases extension of motor axons in the periphery. Yet, surprisingly, when calmodulin and profilin are simultaneously reduced, the ability of both CNS pioneer axons and motor axons to extend beyond the choice points is restored. In the CNS, at the time when growth cones must decide whether to cross or not to cross the midline, a reduction in calmodulin and/or roundabout signaling causes axons to cross the midline inappropriately. These inappropriate crossings are suppressed when profilin activity is simultaneously reduced. Interestingly, the mutual suppression of calmodulin and profilin activity requires a minimal level of profilin. In KA combinations with profilin null alleles, defects in axon extension and midline guidance are synergistically enhanced rather than suppressed. Together, our data indicate that the growth cone must coordinate the activity of both calmodulin and profilin in order to advance past selected choice points, including those dictating midline crossovers.

Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk