Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Hum Genet. 2001 Apr;68(4):866-73. Epub 2001 Mar 14.

A novel SCN1A mutation associated with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus--and prevalence of variants in patients with epilepsy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.


We recently described mutations of the neuronal sodium-channel alpha-subunit gene, SCN1A, on chromosome 2q24 in two families with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) type 2. To assess the contribution that SCN1A makes to other types of epilepsy, 226 patients with either juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, absence epilepsy, or febrile convulsions were screened by conformation-sensitive gel electrophoresis and manual sequencing of variants; the sample included 165 probands from multiplex families and 61 sporadic cases. The novel mutation W1204R was identified in a family with GEFS+. Seven other coding changes were observed; three of these are potential disease-causing mutations. Two common haplotypes, with frequencies of .67 and .33, were defined by five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning a 14-kb region of linkage disequilibrium. An SNP located 18 bp upstream of the splice-acceptor site for exon 3 was observed in 7 of the 226 patients but was not present in 185 controls, suggesting possible association with a disease mutation. This work has confirmed the role of SCN1A in GEFS+, by identification of a novel mutation in a previously undescribed family. Although a few candidate disease alleles were identified, the patient survey suggests that SCN1A is not a major contributor to idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The SCN1A haplotypes and SNPs identified here will be useful in future association and linkage studies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk