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J Clin Oncol. 2001 Mar 15;19(6):1676-87.

Decision support for patients with early-stage breast cancer: effects of an interactive breast cancer CDROM on treatment decision, satisfaction, and quality of life.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. J.Molenaar@AMC.UvA.NL

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the effects of the Interactive Breast Cancer CDROM as a decision aid for breast cancer patients with a choice between breast conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy (MT).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Consecutive patients with stage I and II breast cancer were enrolled. A quasi-experimental, longitudinal, and pretest/posttest design was used. Follow-up was scheduled 3 and 9 months after discharge from the hospital. Control patients (n = 88) received standard care (oral information and brochures). The CDROM was provided to patients in the experimental condition (n = 92) as a supplement to standard procedures. Outcome variables were treatment decision, satisfaction, and quality of life (QoL).

RESULTS:

No effect on treatment decision was found. CDROM patients expressed more general satisfaction with information at 3 and 9 months (95% confidence interval for the difference (d) between the means (d: 4.1 to 12.5 and 5.7 to 14.2 respectively). CDROM patients were also more satisfied with their treatment decision at 3 and at 9 months (d: 0.1 to 0.4; 0.2 to 0.5). Moreover, at 9 months, CDROM patients were more satisfied with breast cancer-specific information (d: 0.9 to 16.5), the decision-making process (d: 0.1 to 0.4), and communication (d: 0.2 to 11.0). At 3 and 9 months, a positive effect was found on general health (d: 0.2 to 14.5 and 0.3 to 15.0). Moreover, at 9 months, CDROM patients reported better physical functioning (d: 5.1 to 19.8), less pain (d: -17.9 to -4.5), and fewer arm symptoms (d: -14.1 to -0.5).

CONCLUSION:

The Interactive Breast Cancer CDROM improved decision making in patients with early-stage breast cancer with a choice between BCT and MT, as evaluated in terms of patients' satisfaction and QoL.

PMID:
11250997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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