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Neuropharmacology. 2001 Mar;40(4):551-9.

Functional characterisation of human TASK-3, an acid-sensitive two-pore domain potassium channel.

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  • 1Neuroscience Research, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, New Frontiers Science Park, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.


Human TASK-3 (hTASK-3) is a recently identified member of the two-pore domain potassium channel (2PDKC) family which in man is predominantly expressed in the cerebellum. Previous preliminary examination of this channel indicates that when expressed in Xenopus oocytes, it produces a K(+) selective background conductance and consequent shift in resting membrane potential, thus mimicking other 2PDKC. Here we describe some additional functional and pharmacological aspects of hTASK-3-mediated conductances expressed in both Xenopus oocytes and HEK293 cells. hTASK-3 expression produces steady-state currents that approximate Goldman--Hodgkin--Katz behaviour with respect to membrane potential. Despite this, voltage steps from -80 mV to potentials > approximately -20 mV induce currents that exhibit a clear time-dependent increase in current amplitude. Kinetically, this increase in current was well fit by a single exponential, the time constant of which was approximately 10 ms and appeared independent of test potential, between -20 and +80 mV. In HEK293 cells hTASK-3 currents were inhibited by extracellular acidosis with a mid-point for inhibition of pH 6.4. Furthermore, the activity of TASK-3 was potentiated by the volatile anaesthetic halothane but inhibited by the local anaesthetic bupivacaine.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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