Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Mar;82(3):311-5.

Positive outcomes in traumatic brain injury-vegetative state: patients treated with bromocriptine.

Author information

  • 1Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital, Dothan, AL, USA.



To assess the effects of multidisciplinary rehabilitation interventions and use of bromocriptine on outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury-vegetative state (TBI-VS).


Retrospective review of clinical cases.


Free-standing rehabilitation hospital; Acute and extended rehabilitation hospital.


Five consecutive TBI-VS patients, as well as 33 TBI-VS patients and 37 traumatic brain injury-minimally conscious state (TBI-MCS) patients reported in the literature.


Bromocriptine administration, systematic neuropsychologic testing, sensory stimulation, and traditional comprehensive rehabilitation with physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.


Disability Rating Scale (DRS) at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postinjury and FIM instrument scores at 1 month and 12 months postinjury, Coma Recovery Scale, and Barry Rehabilitation Inpatient Screening of Cognition.


The 5 TBI-VS patients emerged from a VS into a MCS and regained functional status. Their recovery of physical and cognitive functioning, as rated by the DRS, was greater than previously reported in the literature for patients in a VS or MCS at 3, 6, and 12 months postinjury.


Bromocriptine administration, systematic neuropsychologic testing, sensory stimulation, a comprehensive rehabilitation program, or a combination of these treatments may enhance functional recovery in this TBI-VS patient group. Further systematic study to quantify the contribution of these variables and to reproduce this data in a larger patient population should be performed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk