Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Oncogene. 2001 Jan 4;20(1):97-105.

The angiogenic factor midkine is aberrantly expressed in NF1-deficient Schwann cells and is a mitogen for neurofibroma-derived cells.

Author information

  • 1Vincent T Lombardi Cancer Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, Washington DC 20007, USA.

Abstract

Loss of the tumor suppressor gene NF1 in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) contributes to the development of a variety of tumors, including malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) and benign neurofibromas. Of the different cell types found in neurofibromas, Schwann cells usually provide between 40 and 80%, and are thought to be critical for tumor growth. Here we describe the identification of growth factors that are upregulated in NF1-/- mouse Schwann cells and are potential regulators of angiogenesis and cell growth. Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and midkine (MK) were found to be induced by loss of neurofibromin and MK was further characterized. MK was induced in human neurofibromas, schwannomas, and various nervous system tumors associated with NF1 or NF2; midkine showed an expression pattern overlapping but distinct from its homolog pleiotrophin (PTN). Immunohistochemistry revealed expression of MK in S-100 positive Schwann cells of dermal and plexiform neurofibromas, and in endothelial cells of tumor blood vessels, but not in normal blood vessels. Furthermore, MK demonstrated potent mitogenic activity for human systemic and brain endothelial cells in vitro and stimulated proliferation and soft agar colony formation of human MPNST derived S100 positive cells and fibroblastoid cells derived from an NF1 neurofibroma. The data support a possible central role for MK as a mediator of angiogenesis and neurofibroma growth in NF1. Oncogene (2001) 20, 97 - 105.

PMID:
11244508
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk