Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001 Feb;40(2):198-208.

Effects of atrazine and nicosulfuron on phytoplankton in systems of increasing complexity.

Author information

  • 1INRA, Ecobiologie et Qualité des Hydrosystémes Continentaux, Rennes, France.

Abstract

We have tested the sensitivity of phytoplankton to the herbicides atrazine and nicosulfuron in experiments conduced in increasingly complex systems, from single strain phytoplankton cultures (microplates) to mesocosms mimicking whole ecosystems. The endpoints used to assess sensitivity to atrazine and nicosulfuron were total biomass increase, photosynthetic efficiency, and community diversity, depending on the system considered. Nicosulfuron appeared to be very much less toxic to phytoplankton than atrazine, in accord with the planned changes in agricultural practices to reduce the effects of surface water contamination on aquatic biota. Nevertheless, nicosulfuron had significant effects in some systems (principally microcosms), whereas the single monocultures were almost insensitive to it. This points out the inaccuracy of standardized toxicity test on phytoplanktonic algae alone for predicting the effects of xenobiotics on natural communities and the need for tests in microcosms and mesocosms to obtain reliable evidence about the toxicity of a given chemical on freshwater aquatic ecosystems.

PMID:
11243322
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk