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Hum Mutat. 2001 Mar;17(3):191-8.

Glucocerebrosidase pseudogene variation and Gaucher disease: Recognizing pseudogene tracts in GBA alleles.

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  • 1Unitat de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultat de Ciències de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.


We surveyed the genetic variability of the glucocerebrosidase pseudogene (psGBA) in a worldwide sample of 100 human chromosomes. psGBA is the non-functional duplicate of the gene responsible for Gaucher disease (GBA), the most common lipid storage disorder. The existence of only one psGBA allele described until now, together with the high homology between GBA and psGBA, often prevented recognition of the complex alleles formed by the combination of GBA and psGBA, because psGBA variants could be confused with GBA mutations. In order to determine the variability existent in psGBA, the whole psGBA DNA segment was PCR-amplified and sequenced, and the genotype for all samples was obtained. The ascertainment of the phase among the heterozygous sites was possible through cloning and sequencing a single allele. Eighteen variable sites were detected along psGBA. Two of the variants already have been reported as Gaucher-causing mutations when present in GBA alleles. The other variants were unknown. The knowledge of the psGBA variants described in this report will allow identification of psGBA-GBA complex alleles that may aid in understanding the intricate phenotype-genotype relationship in Gaucher disease.

Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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