Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurosci Lett. 2001 Mar 23;301(1):21-4.

Heterogeneous responses of aquaporin-4 in oedema formation in a replicated severe traumatic brain injury model in rats.

Author information

  • 1Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, PR China.


Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is the most abundant water channel in the rat brain. In this study, the distribution pattern and mRNA expression levels of AQP4 were examined in a severe traumatic brain injury model by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Oedema formation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity were assessed by wet-dry weight measurements and immunostaining of endogenous IgG respectively. In the oedematous contusional cortex with impaired BBB integrity, negative immunostaining of AQP4 and down-regulation of its mRNA level were identified (P<0.05) at 1 day post-injury, while in other oedematous regions of the injured brain where BBB was intact, there was no significant change in the AQP4 expression level. This heterogeneous pattern of AQP4 responses can be interpreted as follows: focal brain injury (such as a contusion) with impaired BBB resulting in vasogenic oedema is associated with reduction of AQP4 expression, whereas, in cytotoxic oedema, associated with diffuse brain injury with intact BBB, changes in AQP4 expression are not significant. This study provides basic information for investigating new treatments for traumatic brain oedema.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk