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Stem Cells. 2001;19(2):108-17.

Peripheral blood stem cells for allogeneic transplantation: a review.

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  • 1Department of Adult Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have become increasingly popular for use in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. PBSCs are readily collected by continuous-flow apheresis from patients and healthy donors after the administration of s.c. recombinant colony-stimulating factors with only minimal morbidity and discomfort. Although the precise identification of PBSCs remains elusive, they can be phenotypically identified as a subset of all circulating CD34(+) cells. There are important phenotypic and biologic distinctions between PBSCs and bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitor cells. PBSCs express more lineage-specific antigens but are less metabolically active than their BM-derived counterparts. The use of PBSCs for allogeneic transplantation has been compared to BM in several randomized trials and cohort studies. The use of PBSCs in leukemia, myeloma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and myelodysplasia has resulted in shorter times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment at the expense of increased rates of chronic graft-versus-host disease. The increase in graft-versus-host disease is mainly due to a log-fold increase in donor T cells transferred with the graft. Relapse rates after transplantation may be lower after PBSC transplantation but a convincing survival advantage has not been demonstrated overall. It is possible that a stronger graft-versus-tumor effect may exist with PBSCs when compared with BM although the mechanisms leading to this effect are not clear.

PMID:
11239165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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